A Vanished Port: Sources

A Vanished Port  | Slave Ship Logbooks | Programs & Events | Acknowledgments | Sources | Survey


The following books and documents were helpful in the preparation of this exhibition:


  • Alpern, Stanley B. “What Africans Got for their Slaves: A Master List of European Trade Goods.” African Studies Association 22 (1995): 5–43.
  • Atkins, John. A Voyage to Guinea, Brasil and the West-Indies; in His Majesty’s Ships the Swallow and the Weymouth. London: Ward & Chandler, 1737.
  • Benes, Peter, editor. Early American Probate Inventories. The Dublin Seminar for New England Folklife: Annual Proceedings, 1987. (Boston: Boston University, 1989.)
  • Caulkins, Frances M. History of New London Connecticut from the First Survey of the Coast in 1612 to 1860. New London, CT: New London County Historical Society, 2007. First published in 1852.
  • Corry, Joseph. Observations Upon the Windward Coast of Africa. London: Frank Cass, 1968. First published in 1807.
  • Dunn, Richard S. Sugar and Slaves: The Rise of the Planter Class in the English West Indies, 1624–1713. Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture, Williamsburg, VA. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1972.
  • Easton, John. John Easton, Wills and Codicils, Inventories. No. 1259, State Archives, Connecticut State Library.
  • Eltis, David, and David Richardson. Atlas of the Transatlantic Slave Trade. Foreword by David Brion Davis. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2010.
  • Eltis, David. The Rise of African Slavery in the Americas. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
  • Falconbridge, Alexander. An Account of the Slave Trade on the Coast of Africa. New York: AMS Press, 1977. First published in 1788.
  • Falconbridge, Anna Maria. Narrative of Two Voyages to the River Sierra Leoneduring the Years 1791, 1792. Liverpool, UK: Liverpool University Press, 2000.
  • Farrow, Anne. “Beyond Complicity: The Forgotten Story of Connecticut Slaveships.” Hartford Courant, Northeast, Apr. 3, 2005.
  • Farrow, Anne, Joel Lang, and Jenifer Frank: Complicity: How the North Promoted, Prolonged, and Profited from Slavery. New York: Ballantine Books, 2005.
  • Farrow, Anne. The Logbooks: Connecticut’s Slave Ships and Human Memory. Middletown: Wesleyan University Press, 2014.
  • Hirsch, Corin. Forgotten Drinks of Colonial New England: From Flips & Rattle-Skulls to Switchel & Spruce Beer.Charleston, S.C.: American Palate, A Division of The History Press, 2014.
  • Hochschild, Adam. Bury the Chains: Prophets and Rebels in the Fight to Free an Empire’s Slaves. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2005.
  • Kiple, Kenneth. The Caribbean Slave: A Biological History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.
  • Kiple, Kenneth F., and Brian T Higgins. “Mortality Caused by Dehydration during the Middle Passage.” Social Science History 13, no. 4 (Winter 1989): 421–37.
  • Log Book of Slave Traders between New London, Conn., & Africa: The Africa, John Easton, Commander, Jan. 18–April 10, 1757; The Good Hope, Alexander Urqhart, Commander, April 11–May 29, 1757; The Fox, William Taylor, Commander, March 28–August 10, 1758. State Archives, Connecticut State Library.
  • Macinnis, Peter. Bittersweet: The Story of Sugar. Australia: Allen & Unwin, 2002.
  • Martin, Margaret E. Merchants and Trade of the Connecticut River Valley, 1750-1820. Northampton, MA: Smith College, 1939.
  • Milkofsky, Brenda. A Grand Reliance: The West Indies Trade in the Connecticut Valley, 1630-1830. A Colloquium and 1992 Exhibition at the Connecticut River Museum.
  • Mintz, Sidney W. Sweetness and Power: The Place of Sugar in Modern History. New York: Penguin Press, 1985.
  • Mouser, Bruce L. A Slaving Voyage to Africa and Jamaica, the Log of the Sandown, 1793–1794. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2002.
  • Newton, John. The Journal of a Slave Trader, 1750–1754. Edited by Bernard Martin and Mark Spurrell. London: Epworth Press, 1962.
  • Northrup, David, ed. The Atlantic Slave Trade: Problems in World History. Lexington, MA: D. C. Heath, 1994.
  • Owen, Nicholas. Journal of a Slave-Dealer: A View of the Remarkable Axcedents in the Life of Nics. Owen on the Coast of Africa and America from the Year 1746 to the Year 1757. Edited by Eveline Martin. London: George Routledge & Sons, 1930.
  • Parker, Matthew. The Sugar Barons: Family, Corruption, Empire, and War in the West Indies. New York: Walker & Company, 2011.
  • Price, Richard, and Sally Price, eds. Stedman’s Surinam: Life in an Eighteenth-Century Slave Society. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992.
  • Rediker, Marcus. The Slaveship: A Human History. New York: Viking, 2007.
  • Stedman, John G., Narrative of a Five Years’ Expedition Against the Revolted Negroes of Surinam. London: J. Johnson, St. Paul’s Church, & J. Edwards, Pall Mall, 1796.
  • Warner, Elizabeth A. A Pictorial History of Middletown. Greater Middletown Preservation Trust. Norfolk, VA: Donning, 2001. 


  • Account Book of Middletown Merchant Samuel Starr. Middlesex County Historical Society Collections, 1987.x.12.
  • Account Book of Samuel Willis, 1765–1778, Middletown Merchant and Importer. Middlesex County Historical Society Collections, 1920.1.1.